How unemployment among the national youth is increasingly causing a debilitating form of socio-economic ‘meningitis’

Having read the powerful story I would rather have titled  ‘Living Nightmare of Waking up from the Coma’ of a South African man, Martin Pistorius, who now functions with very little disability and has also published a book, Ghost Boy: My Escape From a Life Locked Inside My Own Body  based on his ordeal of having slipped into a coma aged 12 and was unable to move or communicate or make eye contact or do anything for himself for 12 years as he was diagnosed with a debilitating form of meningitis in the late 1980s, I could mirror  his experience at par with reality and impact of unemployment among the youth, in the nation and Africa.

However, is it a thing of fate or something really worth pondering that this line of thought coincides or collide with a new study by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King’s College London, Duke University and the University of California, that has found a new research that young people who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) are vulnerable to experiencing mental health problems?

Inferably, just as it was so though for Joan Pistorius, Martin’s  mum, who looked at her son one day and said: “I hope you die, ” It is equally tremendously  tough for our youth that a lot of them, even sometimes their parent, wish they ‘de-exist’ from the earth- not necessarily by death or killing themselves. Youth are being reduced to their shadows as everyone is so used to them not being there that they don’t  notice when they began to be present again.

Practically let us ask ourselves:  what do you expect the mental health or state of a hot-heeled youth who is educated, trained and employable but has been reduced by reality of unemployment in the nation to a socio-economic vegetative state?

I mean, how do you feel when you hear of  someone who bags an international master’s degree  from eyebrow institutions yet been offered 25 – 30k Naira monthly  for  an employment he is  going to used black and blue and eventually might get dumbed? Or someone with a PhD degree yet unemployed. The other day, a youth cried out over the social media of master’s graduate of oil and gas, with a distinction from a top UK University who got offered N50k job.

Isn’t this socio-economic situation synonymous to one who’s suffering from  a health or mental  condition that makes him unable to do anything for himself – from bathing and feeding, peeing and pooping, turning him in bed and so on?  I mean, when what they earn can’t pay their rent, feed them, clothe them, fuel their generator or allow them to socialise or get married except by external support.

Recently, the news of a University of Ilorin best graduating student in search of a good job six years after graduation went viral  following her cry out for help, after all her effort in searching for a good and well-paying job amounted to nothing but a mental, physical and socio-economic stress and abjection.

Of course, this is  not a new thing, bearing in mind the unpleasant unemployment statistics that reported about 6 PhD degree holders, 700 master’s degree holders and more than 8000 bachelor’s degree holders from every state in Nigeria who applied for the 100 driver positions under the scheme known as “Graduate Executive Truck Driving Trainee Program” owned by Nigeria’s business mogul and industrialist Alhaji Aliko Dangote through his conglomerate, The Dangote Group, Sometime in the middle of 2012.

While the surge in the number of applications received could be regarded as a ‘world record’ by the nation, it is quite unedifying for broadcast or the media.  Pathetically, the Group announced that it received a staggering figure of 13,000 applications under the “Graduate Trainee Program” for employment as truck drivers and most of the applicants were from reputable universities that had the needed quality.

In a personal testimony of one of the Ph.D Holder applicants, he was pushed socio-economically pushed to the wall undergo the training to become one truck drivers, after no job was not forthcoming having attended a couple of interviews at different places, but sadly didn’t get what he was looking for.

Likewise, recently in faraway Uttar Pradesh, a state in northern India, it does seem that education mean nothing following jaw-dropping number of PhD holders, post-graduates and  Graduates who were  among the 2,300,000  (23 lakh) applicants vying for the post of peon in Uttar Pradesh government secretariat. Accordingly, the UP government advertised for 368 vacancies of peon in the secretariat with a minimum qualification class five pass out and know how to ride a bicycle but approximately  recorded number of PhD’s application  as 255, postgraduates as 25,000 , graduates as 1,50,000, Intermediate pass outs as 7,50,000 and  high school or equivalent pass outs as  11,00,000. As such, as the statistics stands: 5 class pass out can be categorised viz a viz PhD doctor. What a jeopardy?

According to new statistics released in May of this year, in an Unemployment Methodology Review forum in Abuja by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS,) 22.6 million Nigerians were unemployed in the four quarter of the year 2014 as the figure increased by 21 per cent from 7,078,450 million (10.0%) recorded in the previous year. The statistics also showed that 17.9 per cent of the figure was under employed in the country in the year under review. However, the reality of unemployed or under-employed in the nation is more overwhelming than it is mildly packaged in the statistical figures.

As such the current generation of young people faces the worst job prospects in decades. The ‘horribility ‘of unemployment among young people especially those who are educated, trained and employable is inestimable, though it is gathered from the research that are committed to working, judging from their attitudes toward work and actual job-seeking strategies.

Quotably, research into the impact how unemployment affects the mental health of young people especially those who are educated, trained and employable is scarce, the impact remains large and statistically significant:  it is gathered in advanced studies that unemployment indeed causes these category of young people to face psychological challenge as they show acute vulnerability for mental health issues, including higher rates of mental health and substance abuse problems.

Accordingly, mental health problems and substance use disorders may occur in tandem in young people because of the negative stress they get by wanting to work but being unable to. That is, the struggle to find employment appears to take its toll on the mental health of youth, which causes them to contend with substantial mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, substance abuse and aggression control.”

Ordinarily, mental stress or ill-health develops when young person is in the decision room of life and destiny to either choose between a job that offers a measly salary or rather ‘sit’ at home , especially when considering qualifications in terms of education and or training . By ‘sitting’ at home, they become street ‘hustlers’  even though  not the youth  want to hustle, but the lack of a system that works has made so.  For example, graduate of engineer suddenly hit to street to become musician – they are vulnerable to fear which cumulatively indulges them in substance abuse in a bit to keep their head up and stay above stress, depression, anxiety, aggression, sleeplessness, idleness, faithlessness, and others.

Some face the mental stress of either staying back in the country to do a job that defiles their educational qualification-underemployment – or apply for visa to go abroad and face all kinds of humiliation by washing toilets or driving taxi while I have a similar option in our home country.

Others, often consider better by majority have resulted to going back to school for, certifications examinations and courses, masters or PHD because of no jobs as  they  continue to depend on folks or people to sponsor them, as if they were toddlers. While they go ahead furthering their education, they hope their desired job meets them half way or they hope to have given themselves an edge in labour industry but the predominance of unemployment in the nation even makes the mental state worse, when having done all, yet can’t find a job.

Adding fuel to fire, parent would rather pay millions for education that would promised them a job at the expense of talent rather than help them start-up their enterprise through their talent -only to end-up drowning in the ocean of joblessness. As such, the purpose of education in developing nations of the world is forfeited and foreclosed when unemployment among young people is the order of the economy.  In the same vein, unemployment has forestalled a vital purpose of education in emerging countries which is to help in bringing to check the major and minor ill-social vices among young people by absorbing them away from the negativity that often heralds the ‘street’ mentality or way of doings things.

In corollary, mental ill-health may develop when graduates are socio-economically conditioned with a single ‘reality-choice’ of buying into the ‘hustlers’ mentality and way of doing things- that is, as if a gambler- bearing in mind that gamblers  principles of the game of life hardly or slowly prosper in the legitimate world . A lot of them have to go back, after a decade or more, to their talents they have initially put aside- often forcedly- for education and the future of employment it promised only to find out that they are trapped in what seem like a ‘dead-end.

The reality of unemployment have made youth suffer from Down syndrome and low moral that have successfully  left  them stranded  in ‘self-exclusion’ as they shed tears and want to  run mad when they think about the situation of this country. The stark reality hit them that they are going to spend a large part or the rest of my life totally alone or unemployed- even among their peers- having been denied gainfully employment year in, year out. It’s quite victimizing, dehumanizing and demoralising to people especially young ones that are educated and have acquired vocational skills to make themselves self-reliant and contribute meaningfully to their self-growth and society-growth are roaming the streets with their résumé and begging for money from their folks. The toxicity of these conditions have pushed many of them to a mental state where they do not to know where to start from have become wanderers.

The nation’s situation is so shameful bearing in mind that our master’s degree students in the UK need allowance from home while the UK citizens are working to pay their fees and bills through school, even before they become 18. Yet, having paid millions to get trained and educated in top rank international higher institutions, yet can’t survive on the money earned & pay your own bills without help from your folks. Statistically, with the situation of the nation, many can’t survive socio-economically with their meagre salaries as they still get fed by their parents.

However, it is more psychologically and emotionally traumatizing for our youth as the situation of nation is one where political connection or nepotism   and tribalism are used as yardsticks for recruitment and have militated against her getting gainful employment. A lot of employment appointment have been put on hold for the stretch of the year because of change in government. Likewise, socioeconomic activities have been stagnated or reproached by consequence of a change in government which is cumulatively hampering the global and national call for an inclusive prosperity and sustainable economic growth and development.

Consequent upon the harsh reality of unemployment in the nation, our young people have been starkly hit by a debilitating form of socio-economic meningitis that successfully founded them in a very dark place, therefore making them vanquish and vanish themselves. Like Martin, what most unemployed or underemployed young persons could do is “think” that their thoughts became increasingly darker as time went on and so they decided to block it out and stop thinking.

However, in our ordeal of escaping from a Life that has locked us inside mentally, especially by the socio economic totaled system of our nation, we can emerge champions and make our ‘True Lives Stories’ serve as examples to others if we brace up like Martin Pistorius did in a creative way by releasing a book that covers our living nightmare of having slipped socio-economic coma (unemployment) to victorious time getting out from the coma (gainful employment).

Every minute a qualified graduate who is ready to work spends outside of a gainful employment is a minute spent in socio-economic coma as not having a good job, generally makes it difficult for one to achieve their life goals or plan even his social responsibility and It even shatters young people dream to become who they desire to be.

On another note, this avenue is being seized to reach the president and every able body, both government and non-government to accelerate employment appointment of youth or job-seekers in various parastatals, ministries and other private and public organizations, we as compatriots youth must thrive by constantly remaining ourselves that we exist no matter how much we try to ‘de-exist’.

How unemployment among the national youth is increasingly causing a debilitating form of socio-economic ‘meningitis’

Having read the powerful story I would rather have titled  ‘Living Nightmare of Waking up from the Coma’ of a South African man, Martin Pistorius, who now functions with very little disability and has also published a book, Ghost Boy: My Escape From a Life Locked Inside My Own Body  based on his ordeal of having slipped into a coma aged 12 and was unable to move or communicate or make eye contact or do anything for himself for 12 years as he was diagnosed with a debilitating form of meningitis in the late 1980s, I could mirror  his experience at par with reality and impact of unemployment among the youth, in the nation and Africa.

However, is it a thing of fate or something really worth pondering that this line of thought coincides or collide with a new study by researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King’s College London, Duke University and the University of California, that has found a new research that young people who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) are vulnerable to experiencing mental health problems?

Inferably, just as it was so though for Joan Pistorius, Martin’s  mum, who looked at her son one day and said: “I hope you die, ” It is equally tremendously  tough for our youth that a lot of them, even sometimes their parent, wish they ‘de-exist’ from the earth- not necessarily by death or killing themselves. Youth are being reduced to their shadows as everyone is so used to them not being there that they don’t  notice when they began to be present again.

Practically let us ask ourselves:  what do you expect the mental health or state of a hot-heeled youth who is educated, trained and employable but has been reduced by reality of unemployment in the nation to a socio-economic vegetative state?

I mean, how do you feel when you hear of  someone who bags an international master’s degree  from eyebrow institutions yet been offered 25 – 30k Naira monthly  for  an employment he is  going to used black and blue and eventually might get dumbed? Or someone with a PhD degree yet unemployed. The other day, a youth cried out over the social media of master’s graduate of oil and gas, with a distinction from a top UK University who got offered N50k job.

Isn’t this socio-economic situation synonymous to one who’s suffering from  a health or mental  condition that makes him unable to do anything for himself – from bathing and feeding, peeing and pooping, turning him in bed and so on?  I mean, when what they earn can’t pay their rent, feed them, clothe them, fuel their generator or allow them to socialise or get married except by external support.

Recently, the news of a University of Ilorin best graduating student in search of a good job six years after graduation went viral  following her cry out for help, after all her effort in searching for a good and well-paying job amounted to nothing but a mental, physical and socio-economic stress and abjection.

Of course, this is  not a new thing, bearing in mind the unpleasant unemployment statistics that reported about 6 PhD degree holders, 700 master’s degree holders and more than 8000 bachelor’s degree holders from every state in Nigeria who applied for the 100 driver positions under the scheme known as “Graduate Executive Truck Driving Trainee Program” owned by Nigeria’s business mogul and industrialist Alhaji Aliko Dangote through his conglomerate, The Dangote Group, Sometime in the middle of 2012.

While the surge in the number of applications received could be regarded as a ‘world record’ by the nation, it is quite unedifying for broadcast or the media.  Pathetically, the Group announced that it received a staggering figure of 13,000 applications under the “Graduate Trainee Program” for employment as truck drivers and most of the applicants were from reputable universities that had the needed quality.

In a personal testimony of one of the Ph.D Holder applicants, he was pushed socio-economically pushed to the wall undergo the training to become one truck drivers, after no job was not forthcoming having attended a couple of interviews at different places, but sadly didn’t get what he was looking for.

Likewise, recently in faraway Uttar Pradesh, a state in northern India, it does seem that education mean nothing following jaw-dropping number of PhD holders, post-graduates and  Graduates who were  among the 2,300,000  (23 lakh) applicants vying for the post of peon in Uttar Pradesh government secretariat. Accordingly, the UP government advertised for 368 vacancies of peon in the secretariat with a minimum qualification class five pass out and know how to ride a bicycle but approximately  recorded number of PhD’s application  as 255, postgraduates as 25,000 , graduates as 1,50,000, Intermediate pass outs as 7,50,000 and  high school or equivalent pass outs as  11,00,000. As such, as the statistics stands: 5 class pass out can be categorised viz a viz PhD doctor. What a jeopardy?

According to new statistics released in May of this year, in an Unemployment Methodology Review forum in Abuja by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS,) 22.6 million Nigerians were unemployed in the four quarter of the year 2014 as the figure increased by 21 per cent from 7,078,450 million (10.0%) recorded in the previous year. The statistics also showed that 17.9 per cent of the figure was under employed in the country in the year under review. However, the reality of unemployed or under-employed in the nation is more overwhelming than it is mildly packaged in the statistical figures.

As such the current generation of young people faces the worst job prospects in decades. The ‘horribility ‘of unemployment among young people especially those who are educated, trained and employable is inestimable, though it is gathered from the research that are committed to working, judging from their attitudes toward work and actual job-seeking strategies.

Quotably, research into the impact how unemployment affects the mental health of young people especially those who are educated, trained and employable is scarce, the impact remains large and statistically significant:  it is gathered in advanced studies that unemployment indeed causes these category of young people to face psychological challenge as they show acute vulnerability for mental health issues, including higher rates of mental health and substance abuse problems.

Accordingly, mental health problems and substance use disorders may occur in tandem in young people because of the negative stress they get by wanting to work but being unable to. That is, the struggle to find employment appears to take its toll on the mental health of youth, which causes them to contend with substantial mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, substance abuse and aggression control.”

Ordinarily, mental stress or ill-health develops when young person is in the decision room of life and destiny to either choose between a job that offers a measly salary or rather ‘sit’ at home , especially when considering qualifications in terms of education and or training . By ‘sitting’ at home, they become street ‘hustlers’  even though  not the youth  want to hustle, but the lack of a system that works has made so.  For example, graduate of engineer suddenly hit to street to become musician – they are vulnerable to fear which cumulatively indulges them in substance abuse in a bit to keep their head up and stay above stress, depression, anxiety, aggression, sleeplessness, idleness, faithlessness, and others.

Some face the mental stress of either staying back in the country to do a job that defiles their educational qualification-underemployment – or apply for visa to go abroad and face all kinds of humiliation by washing toilets or driving taxi while I have a similar option in our home country.

Others, often consider better by majority have resulted to going back to school for, certifications examinations and courses, masters or PHD because of no jobs as  they  continue to depend on folks or people to sponsor them, as if they were toddlers. While they go ahead furthering their education, they hope their desired job meets them half way or they hope to have given themselves an edge in labour industry but the predominance of unemployment in the nation even makes the mental state worse, when having done all, yet can’t find a job.

Adding fuel to fire, parent would rather pay millions for education that would promised them a job at the expense of talent rather than help them start-up their enterprise through their talent -only to end-up drowning in the ocean of joblessness. As such, the purpose of education in developing nations of the world is forfeited and foreclosed when unemployment among young people is the order of the economy.  In the same vein, unemployment has forestalled a vital purpose of education in emerging countries which is to help in bringing to check the major and minor ill-social vices among young people by absorbing them away from the negativity that often heralds the ‘street’ mentality or way of doings things.

In corollary, mental ill-health may develop when graduates are socio-economically conditioned with a single ‘reality-choice’ of buying into the ‘hustlers’ mentality and way of doing things- that is, as if a gambler- bearing in mind that gamblers  principles of the game of life hardly or slowly prosper in the legitimate world . A lot of them have to go back, after a decade or more, to their talents they have initially put aside- often forcedly- for education and the future of employment it promised only to find out that they are trapped in what seem like a ‘dead-end.

The reality of unemployment have made youth suffer from Down syndrome and low moral that have successfully  left  them stranded  in ‘self-exclusion’ as they shed tears and want to  run mad when they think about the situation of this country. The stark reality hit them that they are going to spend a large part or the rest of my life totally alone or unemployed- even among their peers- having been denied gainfully employment year in, year out. It’s quite victimizing, dehumanizing and demoralising to people especially young ones that are educated and have acquired vocational skills to make themselves self-reliant and contribute meaningfully to their self-growth and society-growth are roaming the streets with their résumé and begging for money from their folks. The toxicity of these conditions have pushed many of them to a mental state where they do not to know where to start from have become wanderers.

The nation’s situation is so shameful bearing in mind that our master’s degree students in the UK need allowance from home while the UK citizens are working to pay their fees and bills through school, even before they become 18. Yet, having paid millions to get trained and educated in top rank international higher institutions, yet can’t survive on the money earned & pay your own bills without help from your folks. Statistically, with the situation of the nation, many can’t survive socio-economically with their meagre salaries as they still get fed by their parents.

However, it is more psychologically and emotionally traumatizing for our youth as the situation of nation is one where political connection or nepotism   and tribalism are used as yardsticks for recruitment and have militated against her getting gainful employment. A lot of employment appointment have been put on hold for the stretch of the year because of change in government. Likewise, socioeconomic activities have been stagnated or reproached by consequence of a change in government which is cumulatively hampering the global and national call for an inclusive prosperity and sustainable economic growth and development.

Consequent upon the harsh reality of unemployment in the nation, our young people have been starkly hit by a debilitating form of socio-economic meningitis that successfully founded them in a very dark place, therefore making them vanquish and vanish themselves. Like Martin, what most unemployed or underemployed young persons could do is “think” that their thoughts became increasingly darker as time went on and so they decided to block it out and stop thinking.

However, in our ordeal of escaping from a Life that has locked us inside mentally, especially by the socio economic totaled system of our nation, we can emerge champions and make our ‘True Lives Stories’ serve as examples to others if we brace up like Martin Pistorius did in a creative way by releasing a book that covers our living nightmare of having slipped socio-economic coma (unemployment) to victorious time getting out from the coma (gainful employment).

Every minute a qualified graduate who is ready to work spends outside of a gainful employment is a minute spent in socio-economic coma as not having a good job, generally makes it difficult for one to achieve their life goals or plan even his social responsibility and It even shatters young people dream to become who they desire to be.

On another note, this avenue is being seized to reach the president and every able body, both government and non-government to accelerate employment appointment of youth or job-seekers in various parastatals, ministries and other private and public organizations, we as compatriots youth must thrive by constantly remaining ourselves that we exist no matter how much we try to ‘de-exist’.

Transfiguration: Solution to Global ‘Butcherous’ killing and Religious Crises

They created the belief over themselves, that’s why they can easily  spread it – ‘butcherous’ killing  and burial system or ideology – to others, without sobriety.  I mean what you expect of anyone who doesn’t conclusively or decisively see death as the only individualistic event that covers the permanent transfiguration of terrestrial body of man to the celestial body- a glorification process.

And so even when their kings and princes die, however religious or royal,  the best they can do for his  burial is  wrap him up like an animal for burnt offering.

A lot of people deliberate on whether it is necessary or right to dress the dead, whether they died at a very young age or old age, rich or poor. These persons may better answer that question by asking themselves why they get nicely dress to attend a person’s event or theirs, whether they are very young or old in age, rich or poor.

However, from a more projected scale of knowledge, the skeleton of that belief was basically developed on the perception individuals-worshippers- were made to hold over what happens after death of man. In others words, does a man’s life terminates eternally upon death or what people dub the ‘spirit’ or ‘ghost’ of the man lives again eternally after he passes-on.

Well, this argument has remained historically convoluted  and I am also not  in the best of position to  give an answer  either;  because I  am yet go on  my eventuated journey of death, talk less of returning it  to tell of  my ordeal.

Bearing in mind that no one can cover another person’s individualistic aftermath experience of death except the person himself, only a person who has tasted his share of death and has been able to return to share his experience is in better position to give an answer to that question or give a clue to the answer. So the big question is; who are these people or who is this person?

Before I go on, I’d like to ask on which side you are;

Do you believe anyone have been able to die indeed and resurrected to share his ordeal of death or not?

Widely acclaimed, people don’t believe a man once pronounced truly dead is alive again, however in another form and place, simply because of the fact that he didn’t or couldn’t show up, both in the mortal and immortal form, to tell the story of what happened to him after he died as death doesn’t only mark the take-off or transition point, rather it is a holistic event that covers the permanent transfiguration of a mortal man to the immortal him.

The people or person the world call God today are simply people that they were once pronounced truly dead but man learned to know or acclaim by belief and experience(s) that they are alive again and forever – however in another form and place, simply because they have been able to come back, both in the mortal and immortal form, to tell the world of the event that happened to them after they passed-on physically.

Albeit, it is generally said say ‘man came to this world with nothing and we will leave with nothing,’ I find that statement quite ridiculous. Why?

A seed can say to itself when planted into the earth that it came with nothing, however upon bearing fruits seasons after season after which it dies-off, would it then say it died off with nothing?

Yes, we came to this world with nothing but will be leaving with everything, good or bad, we earned one way or the other. We won’t be leaving with gold, but we will be leaving with our integrity. In other words, we will be leaving with what we stood for – that is, the inestimable values and virtues we contributed or preached to humanity. We will be leaving with the works of our hands and the fruit it bore.

In closing, it is held that only God can judge man and so man cannot or shouldn’t go contrary to the fact or reality that there is no form of discrimination inherent in the death, that is ‘life after death.’ As such, the least we can do here on earth is to learn to treat and decorate the dead indiscriminately.  When a ‘sinner’ dies, he ought to be buried nicely, so also a saint. When a slave dies, he should be buried royally, as if a prince. And so on. However, not vice versa. That is, a prince or any person, shouldn’t be buried like a slave or animal because it is a dehumanizing act and a de-glorification practice of the transfiguration of man.

Until the world learn to embrace beauty and equality of death, from the  depth of ‘life after death’ and the angle of religiosity  in teachings and practices, the peace the world crave may remain elusive in spite of the efforts and desires  of  world leaders  and the people in addressing  the status-quo  of peace all over the globe.

Inclusive and Sustainable Economic Growth: How Private Sector is Under-socializing our Economy

Undeniably, questions about the economy or government system of the federation has been on the front burner, nationally and across the globe. However, the fire therein has been escalated by political fuel, which has led to socio-economic carbonated or toxic emission, following the series of ripple effects and confounding consequences (at both local, state and federal) of recent past election or rather political duel that took place earlier this year in the country.

Resultantly, the culmination of the electoral processes (powerhouse of political system) with the economic system has created an illusion or reality of an engineered coincidence or collision of the government system with the economic system by the political majors and economic key actors of the country. As such, the ‘interface –ability’  of these two systems (economic and government) shouldn’t be taken, more or less, of a socioeconomic or political  déjà vu, bearing in mind the common confusion of profits (money) and politics (power).

However, in an effort  to have a clearer or healthier thinking and interpretation of the message of the  socio-economic episodic drama  that is been  stage  before us by the administration of President Buhari,  we compatriots would do ourselves s and the nation more good by reminding ourselves that the intersection point of economy system and government system remains clearly undefinable from history till present, considering the common and inherent pitfalls anyone is bound fall into when attempting to establish the differences or similarities between the elemental concepts of both systems, economic and government.  How do I mean? For example, a concept like capitalism refer adherently to economic systems while another  like fascism or communism  may refer to a type  government system, and at the same time a type of economic system.

Generally, the government -rather policies or politics- seats at the helm of economic affair of any nation. As such, it follows suit that the economic style adopted of a nation is often a function of the presiding government ruling pattern. In the same light, regardless of the clearly and unclearly defined difference or similarities of the government or economic systems; capitalism, Socialism, Communism, Fascism and mixed system, they are on the overall, determined on the Libra scale of whom between the sectors (public or private) predominates or dominates the major affairs of the economy of a nation.

In other words, who between the sectors (public or private) assumes the upper shoulder of responsibility in a nation’s overall mechanism of production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services to meet people’s needs and ever growing wants. That is, who between the private and public sector takes the lead role in determining and providing what is produced, how goods are produced, for whom it is produced and how much is produced in a nation as they are the four cardinal determinant of a nation’s GDP.

However, there has been historical and unending argument on what type of the government or economy system creates the most favorable atmosphere or condition for an inclusive prosperity and sustainable economic growth and development. That is, trying to determine correctly, which one between the a public or private sector holds the higher potential and power in taking the nation out of the ocean of socio economic and environment abjection into that of sustainable and all-inclusive prosperity has become increasingly difficult, especially by the gains and pains of socio-economic and environmental phenomena like urbanization, Information Technology  and global warming,   that have saturated the globe and the Africa in particular.

However, the global and repetitive attempts to give a correct and applicable answer to the tiresome question, ‘what type of government or economic system is most favourable for inclusive and sustainable economic growth?’  is, more or less, a question of shadow as it has succeeded in putting the world more in the dark than in light.

With the advent of a more critical and advanced understanding, by virtue of the consequences and cognizance of socio-economic phenomenon and environmental changes of the 21st Century, the underlying factors or conditions that methodologically constitute the establishment of any kind of economic or government system has exposited that the real or right question ought to be asked should be directed to address the prevailing conditions –per time – in either scenario. That is, be it a predominantly private or public sector driven economy or government system.

In present-day or newly revised world where much been said and agreed universally on the roles of private sector as engine of growth and development of modern day economy as it  ; grows and promotes economic exponentially, provides   choice to customers and valuable goods and services, creates opportunity for people to realize dreams, encourages positive traits like hard-work and creativity, reproaches negative traits such as laziness and complacency that affect the economy, is not paradoxical that we yet basking in the reality of an anguished and languished economy?

Though  a lot has been said on the role of private sector in growth to economy, much less have be said and on what conditions the sector to harvest and harness the growth that would eventuate into Inclusive development  and sustainable economic growth of our nation.  Some of these conditions or concept ;corruption, underperforming of the economy, under-ageing of the economy  and under-diversifying of the economy were given basis and explained in  a previous article of mine  titled ‘How the Private Sector is Increasingly Causing Non-inclusive and Unsustainable Economic Growth in the Nation.’

Pathetically, the country has been smacked-down into socioeconomic gloom because the national system (particularly private sector) has failed to assume and acknowledge its increasing roles by not embracing and addressing the underlying or prevailing conditions that is right and ripe for either a predominantly private and public sector driven economy in the nation; factors like, the government system- corruption, socio-economic and environmental phenomena borne by the 21st Century.

In corollary, the actions, however reserved, of the presidency is widely misinterpreted both politically and socio-economically, following his numbered efforts to re-gear and U-turn the major privatization programmes started by previous governments: in the petroleum sector, his administration  refrained from selling the Nigeria’s refineries that was earlier set in motion started by previous governments; equally, his excellency recently ordered a probe on the sale of NITEL to private investors in 2014. In the same vein, the imperative call to recover another of the country’s major economic sector, power, from the hands of the private sector it was transferred to over the last 16 months might be harkened to by Mr. President judging from the footsteps of his governance.

In the same manner, the privatization of the National Integrated Power Project (NIPP) hits brick-wall recently in the 100 days anniversary of  the present government administration as bidders started withdrawing their bid bonds in purchasing and taking control of the 10 power plants built by the Federal Government through the Niger Delta Power.

Likewise, The Vice President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo, said while delivering a key speech at the 55th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) in Abuja that official corruption via privatization of public enterprises led to massive losses in public revenue

However, to the surprise of many when President Muhammadu Buhari orated or aired-out his confounding stand on privatization when he assured investors –national and – international that his administration would bolster major privatization programmes but with “improved moral architecture.” Adding that, the sector will assume a broader role as part of the engine of growth. In other words, the president is setting the terms straight for privatization to deliver an Inclusive and sustainable economic growth of the nation.

Accordingly, there is been a growing global movement committed to resisting privatisation –private sector. Across Europe, for instance, there has recently been a wave of outcry and shout-down of privatisation proposals particularly in form protests in Ireland, Italy, Greece and Spain. In Athens, protesters and activist, including women, were seen holding Greek flags in front of the Greek parliament during an anti-austerity demonstration in an effort to resist and protest against the privatisation of state water companies, warning that it would be a backward step for the country. In the same light, while Germany has been criticised for pushing Greece to sell off its water utilities, many of Europe’s largest cities, including Berlin, are buying back the government utilities   they previously sold as they have diligently making tangible and tenacious efforts to re-municipalise their socio economy sectors. Similarly, Ukraine is rethinking, retracing and retracting its footsteps towards Privatisation acknowledging that it is high-time the country finally eluded  the legacy of corrupt privatisation, particularly because the increasingly pressing issues in  the energy sector.

Likewise, in Trafalgar Square, London, a petition signed by over 133,000 people, including women, has been delivered on 80th day of strikes for members of the Public and Commercial Services Union (PCS) to the head of security by the union’s vice president National Gallery after staff went on strike over concerns about the privatisation of one of our country’s greatest cultural assets.

Equally, in faraway Tiruchi , Indian, Southern Railway Masdoor Union (SRMU)  staged a protest at Golden Rock on September 2, 2015  led by S. Veerasekaran,  the deputy general secretary of the union, opposing privatisation and Foreign Direct Investment in the railways. The protest, which was part of the nationwide call of various unions to dissuade the Central government from trying to involve private players in the railways was partook of by also women who raised slogans against privatisation and bringing of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the country’s railways system.

In Lahore, the capital city of the Pakistani, Protesters led by Khurshid Ahmad, general secretary of All Pakistan WAPDA Hyrdo Electric Union, were seen chanting slogans against the government over its plans to privatise power distribution companies, Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC).

Coming down to Africa, particularly Nigeria, privatisation has increasingly demoted and remoted human rights especially to basic amenities like water and sanitation which has successfully resulted in the  under-socialization  our economy and environment.

In our    society where most women and girls have increasingly turned ‘macho-men’ not because of transgender medical surgery but a socioeconomic deformation   stemming from the torrents of economic hardship that still very much thrive in major part of the African continent, the motion to privatize or establish a Private-Public Partnership (PPP) in the   water sector only poses to intensify the austerity of the economy, particularly as it affects the women and girls of society.

Accordingly, most countries in Africa are classified as   high priority countries for aid investment in basic amenities as over 70 percent lack access bare minimum amenities like water and sanitation. The ratio of women that have access to bare-minimum of social amenities is saddening even though other countries like Bangladesh and Kenya are already increasing and promoting the right  citizens, particularly women, by making available, accessible and affording basic social and technological amenities.

As such, Women and girls are appalled and threatened by indignity and insecurity as they are subject to the absence of privacy and safe and hygienic of going about their characteristic responsibility of personal and environmental sanitation due to inaccessibility and unaffordability of basic amenities like water. Bearing in mind that Women and girls cannot afford to stay any less hygienic else they and their environment might be haven for illness -transferable to children- and other epidemic diseases, they may not have or stand a better chance upon the privatization of water, thereby dehumanizing the society and victimizing the people by pushing farther the right of citizens to basic amenities and infrastructure. In the same line, the characteristic tenderness of women might be averted as they generally regarded as fragile or delicate beings that need extra attention and support.

To this end, experts have formed a coalition to kick against water privatisation in nation and across the continent as they have gone ahead to launch and carryout focused actions towards promoting the human right to water, thereby fostering a more socialised economy. Recently, in a two-day Lagos Water Summit with the theme: Connecting Local Outrage to Global Resistance of Corporate Control of Water organized by ERA/ Friends of the Earth Nigeria (FoEN) in partnership with AUPCTRE, PSI, Transnational Institute, Asian Peoples’ Movement on Debt & Development, and Freedom from Debt Coalition, they unitedly put up a fight against corporate control of water and securing water as a human right.

The initiative by a network of civil society, represented a growing global movement committed to not allowing the privatization of water to witness daylight and equally, securing or protecting human right, drew participants, stakeholders and partners from local, national and international countries like Belgium, Ghana, Philippine, and the United States.

Likewise, there has been an ongoing high-tension debate on the proposed privatization of the Health Sector of the country.  While many stakeholders believe privatization is the way forward to successfully nip the intractable problem and incessant crises of the sector in the bud, others, including the Joint Health Sector Union (JOHESU) hold the view that privatizing public health facilities would further widen the gap of access to health care services for people, particularly the poor and women who are known for having need of special care especially during pregnancy and after childbirth , both for themselves and the babies.

In a petition of high semblance with that of National Gallery in Trafalgar Square, London, JOHESU which comprises nurses, laboratory scientists, pharmacists and other professionals in the health sector petitioned President Buhari to refrain and desist from privatising public health facilities as it is against the overall interest of the public and the restructuring in such fiscal manner will impend damage(s) to the healthcare sector.

Equally, by the same token of a characteristic distressed economy of the African continent, children and youth have been made adult before their time by been subjected to steroids of abuse and enslavement as they let loose on the street to fend for themselves at very young age of their lives.  Accordingly, fragility of our social, political, and economic is said to be on the rise with over 53% of African nations categorized to be in fragile state due to losing of jobs and increased unemployment, owing to privatisation of public assists in the nation and continent at large.

For foremost reason, the headwind against privatisation of public assets, especially those concern with human right in form of basic amenities, originates from there the fact there is an inevitable likelihood of trade-off of affordability and accessibility for high cost which is anti-social and doesn’t promote Inclusive and sustainable economic growth.  For other obvious socio-economic reasons like officiated corruption and challenged governance, there is been a growing global movement committed to resisting privatisation or a Public-Private Partnership arrangement of public assets- particularly those assets or sectors that are heavily tied to human rights to basic amenities like water, sanitation, power, health and others. As such, dehumanizing or under-socialising the economy because people, particularly women, cannot afford and access the resources.  Nigeria’s current population of about 160 million ,comprise of female than male,  is estimated to increase to 200 million by 2020, which is then projected to double in another 30 years. Thus, if nothing is done at this junction to the socialization of the economy, it would increase in multiple folds in coming years.

However, the government, state or federal, may have many legitimate intentions like diversification of economy or substantiated reasons for selling off or privatising the public assets as it is deemed a strategic to raise money for dry pocket of the government to fund project, we ought to remind ourselves one thing that a sell-off brings in a one-off injection of cash, rather than the long-term improvement in the public finances or budget. In other words, Privatisation betrays a short-term view of debt or it is not rescue or free an economy of long-term costs because when the government sells an asset, it gains a huge cash but loses the future income stream which in fact sustains an economy on the long run. That is, flogging off public assets won’t succeed in reducing the nation’s indebtedness on the long term, comparing both sides of the national balance sheet – assets and liabilities – into account and as they affect the GDP of the country.

As such, it is myopic for privatisation to be prioritised especially for fiscal reasons as it consequences goes beyond raising money, it’s about changing, in entirety, parts of the economy. As such, privatisation more often than not, it is not in the long-term and overall interest of the public as it austerity-led and not prosperity-led. It’s a system that do only lock people out of economic prosperity but it also cuts their tongue so that no one can call for help. How do I mean? Workers lose their jobs and at the same time, trade unions, who are more efficacious in calling and standing for right workers might be sniffed out or suffocated there by making sociologist, economist, environmentalist and even politicians to see privatisation as back-door to a new form of colonisation of 21 century.

Across the globe, particularly the African continent, serious challenges are been posed by the contention of human right and the role of business or profit-making as there is an increasing deprivation of locals of their right, like that to safe and potable water. Accordingly, Public-Private Partnership (PPP) or privation  of basic amenity – custodian  human right  sector- are not the solution to the challenges face in such sector, but rather a new form of colonialism  which is aggressing  and distressing the economy. In other words, market forces coming on the heels of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) or privation cannot human guarantee rights to basic amenities as they  defines success in terms of profit rather than affordability and accessibility.

Referentially, the failure of the World Bank’s privatization of basic amenities, like the water system in Manila, Philippines, is a cautionary example of the dire consequences adopting PPP model or privatisation of public assets that primarily seats on human right.  Accordingly, over 70 per cent of Nigerians, inclusive of those who live in the rural areas, cannot afford services of basic amenities and resources, consequentially making them victims of unsecured or unprotected human rights.

Factually, the socio-economic Status-quo of women (both young and old) and youth in general are the key performance indicator or indices of how socialised an economy is. Therefore, women’s rights and the rights of other vulnerable groups is critical in the realization and attainment of the human right to basic amenities and as should be accorded due and adequate priority in government planning and policy in the nation and across Africa. In other words, Women and children are at the receiving end of struggling economy o that is a society that is in huge lack finance and basic infrastructures or amenities to its people.

Thus, in a bid to resituate and accelerate the socialization of our economy, there must be a growing integration of investment and actions geared towards the repossessing, building strong and expanding the public assets and systems. Socioeconomic sectors  of the nation and continent can be re-municipalise by buying back the government utilities that   they previously sold or privatised as it witnessed in many of Europe’s largest cities, including Berlin. Equally, a system that offers opportunities to build local democratic governance of basic amenities like water and infrastructure must be established.

Invariably, the intersection point between the right of Women, children and other vulnerable of people and the affordability/ accessibility of their right is important in reading and understanding the thermometer of well-socialised economy. As such, the need to connect the tumult of local communities at the grassroots level through Community Development Associations (CDAs) to global resistance of corporate Control of basic amenities in form of campaigns against the privatisation and human right of the pubic assets is necessitated and compelling.

At government level, a  bill to guarantee access to human right (for example, water) should be promoted both at House of Assembly  at both  State and national level which would go down the line to thwart the  privatisation  of public assets that primarily affects human right in Nigeria and across the African Region. Additionally, surcharge on tariff of basic amenities may be put forward to stopped or be reduced by the legislature on basic amenities or infrastructure.

Albeit privatization has been a topic or interest for the past 15-20 years as It has been laudable in Eastern Europe, some cases in the US, and in third world countries under the influence of the IMF, World Bank among other global regional socio-economic and environmental bodies and agencies, It’s not a perfect system and fellow compatriots and taxpayers shouldn’t be duped or lured into thinking they’re getting something for nothing. Perhaps at this junction, rather than we people choose to be or remain political or socio-economical antagonist by taking wrongly, the advantage of move of President to reclaim some part of the public sector, we may now all understand and correspond much better with the governance or economic system of the new president and hope his excellency administrative cabinet gets formed soonest.

Conclusively, the nation cannot afford to hold out privatisation to replace bad government as Maude Barlow, a Canadian author and human rights activist said of her years of experimentation with privatisation in developing countries that; the best answer to bad government is good government, not privatisation.